It is important to understand Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) when trying to determine if your child may be diagnosed.Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that impacts a person's communication and behavior. Individuals diagnosed with autism often have difficulties with social interactions, verbal and non-verbal communication, and controlling their emotions.
Signs My Child May Have Autism
As a spectrum disorder, autism displays itself differently from child to child. Signs, symptoms, and behaviors, as well as the timing of those signs, present themselves at different stages of development.
Children diagnosed with autism often have a difficult time with social communication skills. This may include:
- Non-responsive to their name
- Avoiding eye contact
- Excluding themselves from peer and family interactions
Missing key developmental milestones can be an indication that a child is living with autism. These milestones include:
- Babbling or cooing by 12 months
- Using gestures of any words by 12 months
- Using single words by 16 months
- Using two-word phrases by 24 months
Additional Indicators of Autism
Children with autism often display additional behaviors that neurotypical children do not, such as:
- Repetitive body movements (examples include hand flapping, rocking, self slapping)
- Severely resisting routine changes
- Sensory issues (such as being sensitive to smells, noise, and touch)
- Extreme meltdowns and tantrums
What To Do If You Believe Your Child Has Autism
Has your child displayed one or several of the behaviors listed above? If you believe that your child may have autism, the first step is to take is to consult a professional. Screener tests are available to help you determine if further assessment is necessary, however, an autism expert or pediatrician will provide the most accurate next steps for your specific situation.